The printed circuit board, or PCB, is the building block of a complex electronic system. It is usually made up of conductive lines (made of copper) and pads that carry high-voltage signals as well as low-voltage power. There are many benefits to designing our own PCBs. The design steps are straightforward, and it’s easier to follow using a project from start to finish.

You also have a better understanding of your design and will not need to rely on someone else’s interpretation of it. If you need help designing a printed circuit board, read on for some helpful guidelines!

Why Do I Need a Printed Circuit Board?

The printed circuit board is the backbone of an electronic system. It’s the complex, conductive lines that carry high-voltage signals as well as low-voltage power. There are many benefits to designing and making your own PCBs.

Among the benefits of using a PCB are:

  • The components are fixed.
  • Lesser chance of short-circuit.
  • Compact size and saving wires.
  • Reliable.
  • Little to no electric noise.

Basic Design Process

The design process of a printed circuit board is not much different than that of any other project. The first step to designing a PCB is deciding what it will be used for. Keep in mind that your print circuit board could be used for a variety of projects, so it’s important to think about the purpose before anything else.

Once you know what the PCB will need to do, you can start thinking about how your circuits will work. You’ll also want to make sure there is enough space on the board for all of your parts- remember, size does matter! Next, you’ll need to map out your circuits and confirm that there are no overlaps or crossed lines. Once everything has been confirmed as working correctly, you’re ready to send your design off to get made into a PCB!

What should be on your Printed Circuit Board?

A PCB is usually made up of conductive lines and pads that carry high-voltage signals as well as low-voltage power. It can also be a series of copper traces, patterns, and vias (holes) on the board. Regardless of what your board looks like, it’s important to know what should go into it. This will help you design your board accurately and complete it in less time.

There are two things that should always be included in your circuit: power and signal lines. Signal lines are used to connect different parts of the PCB together while power is necessary to run any components on the board. If there are any other features you want to include on your PCB, then make sure there is plenty of room for them as well!

Designing the Circuit Board

Designing a PCB can seem overwhelming at first. But, with a little patience and guidance, you can learn to do it!

Designing the circuit board is much more straightforward than other methods of designing. This is because you are only working on one part at a time. You shouldn’t be overwhelmed by the number of wires and pads on your design. This is not something you need to worry about too much in the beginning stages of creating your design. The important thing is to familiarize yourself with the software so that you can get started with finding what components your design needs.

Some helpful guidelines for designing a printed circuit board:

1) Create a schematic diagram from the start; this will help with troubleshooting later on in the process. Make sure to label all inputs and outputs clearly so that you know where everything needs to go. This also helps when it comes time to lay out your design because it gives you an idea of how many terminals are needed and where they should be placed on the PCB.

2) Study up on standard practices for laying out PCBs or consult an engineer or designer before starting work on your own project; these will likely vary depending on what components you are using in your design, but they are good general guidelines for getting started.

3) Order any components that you’ll need before starting, as well as any specialized tools or equipment. You want to minimize downtime between ordering supplies and actually starting work on your project; ordering.

Considerations to keep in mind

When designing a printed circuit board, there are a few considerations to keep in mind. The first is that the board needs to be designed according to the IPC 6012 rules. The second consideration is that it needs to be designed with high-voltage signals and low-voltage power in mind. Third, you will need to determine how many layers the board should have and how many copper layers it should have. Fourth, you will need to determine if you want your design to be single-sided or double-sided and finally, you need to decide what size your board is going to be.

The last point is especially important for beginners who may not realize the significance of choosing between metric and imperial units of measurement when laying out their boards. How big does your printed circuit need to be? This question can help narrow down your answer.


Designing a PCB might seem like a tricky task, but it’s not as difficult as it might seem. With the right tools, a little knowledge, and plenty of patience, anyone can design a PCB.

But it all depends on what you need it for. If you’re designing a custom circuit board for your business, you’ll need to consider things like the number of pins, the capacity for data transmission, and the amount of voltage the circuit board will carry. Zaytech Solutions can assist you in designing your PCBs too. Click here to learn more.

If you’re designing circuit boards for a hobby project, on the other hand, you won’t need to think about these things. But you might want to include more features like inputs and outputs to make your project more interactive.

No matter what your needs are, we hope that this beginner’s guide to designing printed circuit boards has given you some helpful tips.

Share this post